Dreaming of a India trip but do not know where to start? Here is the India travel guide that will help you with all aspects of planning a trip to India.
Geographical Information of India
Full Name of Country: Republic of India.
Area: 3.28million sq kilometers.
Population: 1.3 billion.
Capital of country: New Delhi.
People: 72% Indo-Aryan, 25% Dravidian, 3% other.
Language: 14 National languages including Hindi, Urdu, English.
Religion: 80%Hindu ,14%Muslim, 2.4 % Christian, 2% Buddhist, 0.5 Jains, 0.4 other.
Head of Government: Prime Minister & President.
Administration: 28 State and 7 Union Territories.
Indian States &Union Territories
Andhra Pradesh , Arunachal Pardesh, Assam , Bihar , Chhattisgarh , Goa , Gujarat , Harayana , Himachal Pardesh ,Jammu & Kashmir , Jharkhand , Karnataka , Kerala , Madhya Pardesh ,Maharashtra , Manipur , Meghalaya , Mizoram , Nagaland , Orissa , Punjab,Rajasthan , Sikkim , Tamil Nadu , Tripura , Uttar Pardesh , Uttaranchal , WestBengal.
Andaman & Nicobar , Chandigarh , Dadra & Nagar Haveli , Daman & Diu , Delhi , Laksha dweep , Pondicherry.
Climate in India
Climate in India varies greatly according to latitude, altitude and season.
Average maximum winter temperatures range from the high 20 degree Celsius in the S to below freezing in parts of Kashmir, Leh and Ladakh,and the low 20 degree Celsius in the northern plains. The range of minimum winter temperatures between N and S is greater. In many parts of the N plains,especially in the NW, close to the foothills of the Himalayas, night temperatures fall close to freezing. In contrast, in the far S, minimum temperature never fall below 20 degree Celsius except in the hills. In summer the N is generally hotter than the S, with daytime temperature es usually over 40 degree Celsius and in parts of the NW up to nearly 50 degree Celsius from time to time. Night time temperatures also remain high. The end of Apr - May is the hottest time. Once the clouds of the monsoon season arrives,the temperature fall a few degrees, but the air gets much more humid, often making it intensely uncomfortable. In the S maximum temperatures never reach those experienced in the N, rarely rising above 40 degree Celsius for more than a day or at a time. May is also generally the hottest month.
India's seasonal rainfall pattern is dominated by the monsoon,which generally arrives at the SW coast in late May or June, covering most of the country by the beginning of July, and retreating in October. However, the popular image of the monsoon is misplaced. Even in the wettest areas - the west coast or the NE hills of the Shillong plateau - there are periods of days at a time when it does not rain. Elsewhere the rainy season is marked by prolonged very heavy showers, interspersed with cloudy, humid weather and occasional bright patches.
Environment of India
India is a large, triangular-shaped country in southern Asia,buttressed by the long sweep of the Himalaya in the north and protruding in to the Indian Ocean in the south. It's bordered by Pakistan to the north west,China, Nepal and Bhutan to the north, and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. Sri Lanka is the teardrop-shaped island hanging off its southern tip. India covers a land area of some 3,287,000 sq km (1,281,930sq mi), though disputed borders with Pakistan and China make this figure somewhat arbitrary. India is the seventh largest country in the world. Northern India contains the snow-bound peaks and deep valleys of the Himalaya, and the vast Gangetic Plain, which separates the Himalayan region from the southern peninsula and stretches from the Arabian Sea to the Bay of Bengal. South of the plains, the land rises up into a triangular-shaped plateau known as the Deccan, which ranges in altitude from 300m (985ft) to 900m (2950ft). The plateau is bordered by the Eastern and Western ghats, ranges of hills which run parallel to India's eastern and western coasts and separate the fertile coastal strips from the interior. Wildlife in India is often purported to have enjoyed a privileged and protected position thanks to the religious ideals and sentiments of Hindus, Jains and Buddhists, but much of this tradition has been lost.Extensive hunting by the British and the Indian rajahs, large-scale clearing off or sets for agriculture, poaching, pesticides and the ever-increasing population have had disastrous effects on India's environment. Only around 10per cent of the country still has forest cover and only 4 per cent is protected within national parks and reserves. In the past few decades the government has taken serious steps to improve environmental management and has established over 350 parks,sanctuaries and reserves.The highlights of India's fauna are its lions, tigers,leopards, panthers, elephants and rhinoceroses, but the country is also home toa rich variety of deer and antelope, wild buffaloes, massive Indian bison,shaggy sloth bears, striped hyenas, wild pigs, jackals and Indian wild dogs.Monkeys include rhesus macaques, bonnet macaques and long-tailed common languages. The reptilian world boasts magnificent king cobras, pythons,crocodiles, large freshwater tortoises and monitor lizards, while the diversification includes large horn bills, serpent eagles and fishing owls, as well as the elegant national bird, the peacock.
Culture of India
India Travel Guide intriduce to many cultures in India, It has been said that India is less a country than a continent,and it holds as many variations in religion, language, customs, art and cuisines it does in topography. For the traveler, this cultural feast is India's great strength.
Art & Architecture of India
Indian art is basically religious in its themes and developments, and its appreciation requires at least some background knowledge of the country's faiths. The highlights include classical Indian dance, Hindu temple architecture and sculpture (where one begins and the other ends is often hard to define), the military and urban architecture of the Mughals, miniature painting, and mesmeric Indian music. Of course, India's creativity continues to thrive, its most lively contemporary expression being filmi culture. The latter is difficult for Western ears to immediately appreciate, but it doesn't take long to get a feel for it.
Clothes in India
The people of India have colorful & different attires. The silk saris, brightly mirrored cholis, colorful lehangas and the traditional salwar- kameez have fascinated many travellers, over time. Light cotton clothes are useful almost anywhere in India at anytime of year. It is a good idea to have some very lightweight long sleeve cotton and trousers for evenings, preferable light in colour, as they also give some protection against mosquitoes. Between Dec - Feb it can be cool at night even on the plains in N and E India, and at altitudes above 1,500m right across India some woolens are essential. Dress is rarely formal. In the large cities short sleeve shirt and ties are often worn for business. For traveling loose clothes are most comfortable.Indian dressing styles are marked by many variations, both religious and regional and one is likely to witness a plethora of colors, textures and styles in garments worn by the Indians.
People in India
India Travel Guide information on people of India, India is the country with the largest number of inhabitants in the world. Facing the fact that almost one thousand million people are living in India it is amazing that they occupy only 2.4 % of the earth's surface. The average population density is 298 inhabitants per square km. In some areas, population density reaches over 1000 inhabitants per km square for which two reasons can be mentioned. First, population remains concentrated in the big cities and around the fertile riverbeds of the Ganges and second huge parts of the country remain uninhabitable because they are covered either by desert or by high mountains. The average life expectancy is 58 years, the share of young people under the age of 18 is over 40%.Around Â¾of Indians are living in the rural area, Â¼ of the population lives in cities.The biggest cities are Kolkata (formerly Calcutta), Mumbai (formerly Bombay),Delhi and Chennai (formerly Madras). About 5 million Indians are living abroad,primarily in South and East Africa, in South-East-Asia, North America and around the Persian Gulf.
Religions in India
Travel Guide teling you about different religions of India, India's major religion, Hinduism, is practiced by approximately 80% of the population. In terms of the number of adherents, it's the largest religion in Asia and one of the world's oldest extant faiths. Hinduism has avast pantheon of gods, a number of holy books and postulates that everyone goes through a series of births or reincarnations that eventually lead to spiritual salvation. With each birth, you can move closer to or further from eventual enlightenment; the deciding factor is your karma. The Hindu religion has three basic practices. They are puja or worship, the cremation of the dead, and the rules and regulations of the caste system. Hinduism is not a proselytising religion since you cannot be converted: you're either born a Hindu or you're not. Buddhism was founded in northern India in about 500 BC and spread rapidly when emperor Ashoka embraced it but was gradually reabsorbed into Hinduism. Today Hindus regard the Buddha as another incarnation of the Hindu god Vishnu. There are now only 6.6 million Buddhists in India, but important Buddhist sites in northern India, such as Bodhgaya, Sarnath (near Varanasi) and Kushinagar (near Gorakhpur) remain important sites of pilgrimage.The Jain religion also began life as an attempt to reform Brahminical Hinduism.It emerged at the same time as Buddhism, and for many of the same reasons. The Jains now number only about 4.5 million and are found predominantly in the west and southwest of India. The religion has never found adherents outside India .Jains believe that the universe is infinite and was not created by a deity.They also believe in reincarnation and eventual spiritual salvation by following the path of the Jain prophets. There are more than 100 million Muslims in India, making it one of the largest Muslim nations on earth. Islam is the dominant religion in neighborliness countries of Pakistan and Bangladesh, and there is a Muslimmajority in Jammu & Kashmir. Muslim influence in India is particularlystrong in the fields of architecture, art and food. The Sikhs in India number18 million and are predominantly located in the Punjab. The religion was originally intended to bring together the best of Hinduism and Islam. Its basic tenets are similar to those of Hinduism with the important modification that the Sikhs are opposed to caste distinctions. The holiest shrine of the Sikhreligion is the Golden Temple in Amritsar.
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