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Rajasthan Tourism Information

Geographical Information of Rajasthan


Area : 342,239 sq kilometers

Population : 70 Million

Capital of country : Jaipur

Language : English and Hindi , Rajasthani

Religion : Hindu , Muslim, Christian, Buddhist, Jains, other


History of Rajasthan:-

According to the Hindu Mythology, the Rajputs of Rajasthan were the descendants of the Kshatriyas or warriors of Vedic India. The emergence of the Rajput warrior clans was in the 6th and 7th centuries. Rajputs ancestry can be divided into two: the "solar" or suryavanshi-those descended from Rama, the hero of the epic Ramayana, and the "lunar" or chandravanshi, who claimed descent from Krishana, the hero of the epic Mahabharata. Later a third clan was added, the agnikula or fire-born, said to have emerged from the flames of a sacrificial fire on Mt Abu.


It has been accepted that the Rajputs were divided into thirty-six races and twenty-one kingdoms.


Early History :-

Rajasthan is the north-western region of India, and has remain independent from the great empires. Buddhism failed to make substantial inroad here; the Mauryan empire(321-184 BC), whose most renowned emperor, Ashoka, Converted to Buddhism in 261BC, had minimal impact in Rajasthan, However, there are Buddhist caves and stup as(Buddhist Shrines) at Jhalawar, in Southern Rajasthan. Ancient Hindu scriptural epics make reference to sites in present-day Rajasthan.The Holy Pilgrimage site of Pushkar is mentioned in both the Mahabharata and Ramayana.


Emergence of the Rajputs :-

The fall of the Gupta Empire, which held dominance in northern India for nearly 300 years until the early 5th Century, was followed by a period of instability as various local chieftains sought to gain supremacy. Power rose and fell in northern India.Stability was only restored with the emergence of the Gurjara Partiharas, the earliest of the Rajput (from 'Rajputra', or Sons of Princes) dynasties which were later to hold the balance of power throughout Rajasthan. Whatever their actual origins, the Rajputs have evolved a complex mythological genealogy. This ancestry can be divided into two main branches: the Suryavansa,or Race of the Sun (Solar Race), which claims direct descent from Rama; and the Induvansa, or Race of the Moon (Lunar race), which claims descent from Krishna,Later a third branch was added, the Agnikula, or 'Fire Born'. These people claim they were manifested from the flames of a sacrificial fire on Mt. Abu From these three Principal races emerged the 36 Rajput clans. The Rajput clans gave rise to dynasties such as the Chauhans, Sisodias, Kachhwahas and Rathores. Chauhans of the Agnikula Race emerged in the 12th century and were renowned for their valor. Their territories included the Sapadalksha kingdom, which encompassed a vast area including present- day Jaipur, Ranthambore, part of Mewar, the western portion of Bundi district, Ajmer Kishangarh and even, at one time, Delhi. Branches of the Chauhans also ruled territories know as Ananta (in present-day Shekhawati) and Saptasata bhumi. The Sisodias of the Suryavansa Race, Originally from Gujarat, migrated to Rajasthan in the mid-7th Century and reigned over Mewar, which encompassed Udaipur and Chittorgarh. The Kachhwahas, originally from Gwalior in Madhya Pradesh, traveled west in the 12th century. They built the massive fort at Amber, and later shifted the capital to Jaipur. Like the Sisodias, they belonged to the Suryavansa Race. Also belonging to the Suryavansa Race, the Rathore (earlier known as Rastrakutas) traveled from Kanauj, in Uttar Pradesh. Initially they settled in Pali, south of present-day Jodhpur, but later moved to Mandore in 1381 and over Marwar (Jodhpur). Later they started building the stunning Meherangarh (fort) at Jodhpur. The Bhattis, who belong to the Induvansa Race, driven from their homeland in the Punjab by the Turks, installed themselves at Jaisalmer in 1156. They remained more of less entrenched in their desert Kingdom until they were integrated into the state of Rajasthan following Independence.


Rajasthan Climate :-

The climate of Rajasthan can be divided into four seasons: Pre-Monsoons, Monsoon, Post-Monsoon and Winter. Pre-monsoon, which extends from April to June, is the hottest season, with temperatures ranging from 32oC to 45oC. In western Rajasthan the temp may rise to 48C, particularly in May and June. At this time,Rajasthan only hill station, Mt Abu registers the lowest temperatures. In the desert regions, the temperatures drops in night. Prevailing winds are from the west and sometimes carry dust storms (we call them andhi). The second season Monsoon extends from July to September, temp drops but humidity increases making it very un comfortable, even when there is slight drop in the temp (35oC to 40oC). We have about 90% of our rains in this period. The Post-monsoon period is from Oct to December. The average maximum temperature is 33oC to 38oC, and the minimum is between18oC and 20oC. The fourth season is the winter or cold season, from January to March. There isa marked variation in maximum and minimum temperatures, and regional variation sacross the state. January is the coolest month of the year. And temp may drop to 0oC in some cities of Rajasthan, like Churu. There is slight precipitation in the north and north-eastern region of the state, and light winds, predominantly from the north and north-east. At this time, relative humidity ranges from 50% to 60% in the morning, and 25% to 35% in the afternoon.


Temp & Rainfall (average)


January to March

50oF - 80oF 4MM - 7MM


April to June

75oF - 105oF 11MM - 30MM


July to September

70oF - 95oF 100MM - 165MM


October to December

55oF - 85oF 3MM - 8MM


These are average temp and rainfall of Rajasthan, and may vary for each city.The temperature is in degrees Fahrenheit.


Rajasthan Culture:-

Hindi is the official language of the state. But the principal language is "Rajasthani", and the four major dialects are Marwari in the west, Jaipuri in the east, Malwi in the southeast and Mewati in the northeast. But Hindi language is replacing Rajasthani. Moreover, you will find English speaking people in all the major cities, and in remote villages also you will find someone who can speak and understand English. But other languages are completely unknown. You may ask Tour Operators to help you on this and they do have guides who knows almost all the languages.


Music& Dance

Every region has it sown very dialect of music and dance. The Goomer dance Udaipur and Jaisalmer have international recognition. Folk music is a vital part of Rajasthan culture. Songs are used to tell the legendary battles of Rajputs.Folk songs are commonly ballads which relate heroic deeds, love stories, and religious or devotional songs known as bhajans and banis and often accompanied by musical instruments like dholak, sitar,Sarangi etc.


Religion

Hindusim is the main religion of Rajasthan. Other significant religious groups in the state are the Jains and the Muslims. There are many local folk heros and local deities such as Pabuji, Ramdeoji, Gogaji, Mehaji, Tejaji & Harbhuji.


Art & architecture

Rajasthan is known for its traditional and colorful art. The block prints, tie and die prints,Bagaru prints, Sanganer prints, Zari embroidery are major export products from Rajasthan. Handicraft items like wooden furniture and handicrafts, carpets,blur potteries are some of the things you will find here. Rajasthan is shoppers paradise. Rajasthan is famous for the majestic forts, intricately carved temples and decorated havelis. Jantar Mantar, Dilwara Temples, Chittauragrh Fort, Lake Palace Hotel, City Palaces, Jaisalmer Havelis are true architectural heritage.


Shopping

Rajasthan often called as the Shoppers Paradise. Rajasthan is famous for textile, semi-preciouss tones and Handicraft. Know Art and Craft of Rajasthan.

 
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